This (14th) morning, the celebration meeting of the 40th anniversary of the establishment of Shenzhen Special Economic Zone was held in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province. Xi Jinping party and state leaders attended.
On October 14, the celebration meeting for the 40th anniversary of the establishment of Shenzhen Special Economic Zone was held in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province. Zhang Ling, reporter of Xinhua News Agency
Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the state and chairman of the Central Military Commission, delivered an important speech at the 40th anniversary celebration of the establishment of Shenzhen Special Economic Zone.
Xi Jinping: Shenzhen is a brilliant interpretation of China's socialism with a white paper.
Guangdong is the pioneer, pioneer and experimental area of reform and opening up, and the province with the earliest and largest number of special economic zones. Shenzhen is a brand-new city created by the party and the people after the reform and opening up, and it is a wonderful interpretation of socialism with Chinese characteristics on a piece of white paper. The vast number of cadres and masses in Shenzhen have gone through the course of hundreds of years in some international metropolises in 40 years. This is a miracle in the history of world development created by the Chinese people.
Xi Jinping: in the past 40 years, Shenzhen has achieved 5 historic leaps.
Over the past 40 years, Shenzhen has spared no effort to liberate and develop social productivity and vigorously promote scientific and technological innovation. Its GDP has increased from 270 million yuan in 1980 to 2.7 trillion yuan in 2019, with an average annual growth rate of 20.7%. Its total economic volume ranks fifth among Asian cities, and its fiscal revenue has increased from less than 100 million yuan to 942.4 billion yuan, realizing the transformation from a backward border town to an international metropolis with global influence The historic leap of the city.
Over the past 40 years, Shenzhen has adhered to the principle of emancipating the mind and keeping pace with the times. It has taken the lead in carrying out market-oriented economic system reform. It has initiated more than 1000 reform measures. It has played a strong voice of the times of invigorating the country through hard work, and has achieved a historic leap from economic system reform to comprehensively deepening reform.
Over the past 40 years, Shenzhen has adhered to the principle of "bringing in" and "going out", actively making use of both international and domestic markets and resources, and actively attracting global investment. The total import and export volume of Shenzhen has jumped from 18 million US dollars in 1980 to 431.5 billion US dollars in 2019, with an average annual growth of 26.1%. It has achieved a historic leap from mainly import and export trade to all-round and high-level opening up.
Over the past 40 years, Shenzhen has adhered to the development of socialist democratic politics, respected the dominant position of the people, strengthened the construction of socialist spiritual civilization, actively cultivated and practiced the socialist core values, and achieved a historic leap from economic development to the overall development of socialist material, political, spiritual, social and ecological civilization.
Over the past 40 years, Shenzhen has adhered to the people as the center, greatly improved people's living standards, and achieved earth shaking changes in education, medical care and housing. In 2019, the per capita disposable income of residents reached 62500 yuan, an increase of 31.6 times compared with 1985. Shenzhen took the lead in completing the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, realizing the historic leap from solving the problem of food and clothing to comprehensively well-off society with high quality.
Xi Jinping: the special economic zones should not only continue to run, but also do better and operate at a higher level.
The successful practice of Shenzhen and other special economic zones has fully proved that the Party Central Committee's strategic decision on establishing special economic zones is completely correct. The special economic zones should not only continue to run, but also be better run and run at a higher level.
Xi Jinping: special economic zones have accumulated ten valuable experiences in 40 years of reform, opening up and innovation and development.
The practice of reform and opening up in Shenzhen and other special economic zones over the past 40 years has created great miracles and accumulated valuable experience, deepening our understanding of the laws governing the construction of socialist special economic zones with Chinese characteristics.
First, we must adhere to the party's leadership over the construction of special economic zones and always maintain the correct direction of the construction of special economic zones.
Second, we must adhere to and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and promote the socialist system with Chinese characteristics to be more mature and stereotyped through reform and practice.
Third, we must adhere to the principle that development is the absolute principle, insist on daring to be pioneering, daring to be the first, and to lead the reform and breakthrough with ideas breaking through the ice.
Fourth, we must adhere to all-round opening-up and constantly improve the attractiveness of "bringing in" and the competitiveness of "going out".
Fifth, we must insist that innovation is the first driving force and win the initiative in the global scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation.
Sixth, we must adhere to the people-centered development thought, so that the fruits of reform and development will benefit the people more and more fairly.
Seventh, we must adhere to scientific legislation, strict law enforcement, fair justice and law-abiding by the whole people, so as to make the rule of law an important guarantee for the development of special economic zones.
Eighth, we must practice the idea that green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains, so as to realize comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development of economic society and ecological environment.
Ninth, we must comprehensively and accurately implement the basic principle of "one country, two systems" and promote the integration and development of the mainland, Hong Kong and Macao.
Tenth, we must adhere to the principle of giving full play to the radiation and driving role of the special economic zones in the whole country's one game of chess, so as to make contributions to the development of the whole country.
The above ten items are valuable experience accumulated in the reform and opening up, innovation and development of special economic zones in the past 40 years. They are of great guiding significance to the construction of special economic zones in the new era. We must treasure them and adhere to them for a long time, and constantly enrich and develop them in practice.
Xi Jinping: our country is at a critical stage to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
Novel coronavirus pneumonia is a major change in the world. The global epidemic of the new crown pneumonia epidemic has accelerated the great change. Economic globalization has encountered adverse currents, protectionism and unilateralism have risen, the world economy is in a slump, international trade and investment have shrunk dramatically, and international economic, technological, cultural, security and political patterns are undergoing profound adjustment, and the world has entered a period of turbulent change. 。 China is in the key period of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and the economy has changed from the stage of high-speed growth to the stage of high-quality development. With a long-term good economy, broad market space and strong development toughness, a new development pattern is being formed with the domestic big cycle as the main body and the domestic and international dual circulation promoting each other. China's economy is in the crucial period of transforming the mode of development, optimizing the economic structure and transforming the driving force of growth.
Xi Jinping: promoting reform and opening up at a higher starting point, and promoting a new situation in the work of the special economic zones
In the new era, the construction of special economic zones should hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, comprehensively promote the overall layout of "five in one" and the strategic layout of "four comprehensives". Proceeding from the overall situation of China's entering a new stage of development, we should implement the new development concept, closely promote high-quality development and build a new development pattern, with an indomitable attitude of struggle and a state of mind free from wind and rain Reform and opening up will not stop. We will push forward reform and opening up at a higher starting point, promote the work of special economic zones to open up new prospects, and make new and greater contributions to building a socialist modern country in an all-round way and achieving the second centenary goal.
Xi Jinping: unswervingly implement the new development concept
We should adhere to the main line of supply side structural reform, make production, distribution, circulation and consumption more dependent on the domestic market, improve the adaptability of the supply system to domestic demand, and meet the increasing domestic market demand with high-quality supply. We should unswervingly implement the innovation driven development strategy, cultivate new kinetic energy, enhance new potential energy, and build a technological and industrial innovation highland with global influence.
Xi Jinping: keeping pace with the times and deepening the reform in an all round way
After in-depth study, the CPC Central Committee has decided to take the 40th anniversary of the establishment of the special economic zone as an opportunity to support Shenzhen in implementing comprehensive reform pilot projects. It will give Shenzhen more autonomy in reform in important areas and key links by means of list authorization, and launch a package of 27 reform measures and 40 first authorization items.
Xi Jinping: open up and open wider to the outside world
The new development pattern is not a closed domestic cycle, but an open domestic and international dual cycle. It is necessary to optimize and upgrade the production, distribution, circulation and consumption systems, deepen internal economic ties, increase economic depth, enhance the function of unblocking the domestic macro cycle and connecting domestic and international dual circulation, accelerate the institutional opening of rules and standards, and take the lead in building a new economic system with a higher level of openness.
Xi Jinping: innovative ideas to promote city governance system and governance capacity modernization
It is necessary to establish a sense of full cycle management, speed up the modernization of urban governance system and governance capacity, and strive to find a new way of governance in line with the characteristics and laws of super large cities. We should strengthen governance according to law, be good at using legal thinking and ways to solve persistent problems in urban governance, and make the rule of law become a social consensus and basic criterion. We should pay attention to scientific, refined and intelligent efforts, give full play to the advantages of Shenzhen's information industry development, promote the innovation of urban management means, management mode and management concept, and make the city operate smarter and smarter.
Xi Jinping: do solid work and practice the people centered development thought
We should take more reform and innovation measures to solve the problems of employment, education, medical care, social security, housing, pension, food safety, ecological environment, and social security one by one, so as to make people's sense of gain more sufficient, their happiness more sustainable and their sense of security more secure.
Xi Jinping: actively promoting the construction of the Bay Area in Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao
The construction of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Bay area is a major national development strategy, and Shenzhen is an important engine. We should seize the great historical opportunity of the construction of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Bay area, promote the convergence of rules and mechanisms of the economic operation of the three places, accelerate the construction of Intercity Railway in Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, promote the efficient and convenient flow of personnel, goods and other elements, and improve the level of market integration.
Xi Jinping: the special economic zones should take the lead in strengthening the party's overall leadership and Party building.
The special economic zone is at the forefront of reform and opening up, so there are higher requirements for strengthening the party's overall leadership and Party building. We should thoroughly implement the general requirements of Party building in the new era, take the lead in demonstrating in strengthening the party's overall leadership and Party building in the spirit of reform and innovation, and expand the organizational coverage and work coverage of the grass-roots party.
Xi Jinping: responsible for the reformers and for the role of the reformers.
It is necessary to establish and improve the incentive mechanism, promote the formation of the correct orientation of the capable, the superior, the mediocre and the fittest, be responsible for the reformers and the responsible persons, and stimulate the enthusiasm and enthusiasm of Party members and cadres to start their own businesses. It is necessary to uphold the principle of constant integrity and discipline, firmly punish corruption, resolutely oppose formalism and bureaucracy, and create a good political environment with clean and upright atmosphere.
Xi Jinping: special economic zones should stick to "two hands, two hands".
The special economic zones should adhere to the principle of "grasping with both hands and hard work with both hands", and hand in excellent answers in the construction of material and spiritual civilization.
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